Orphanages from Reformasi to the present day Over the past decade, the international non-government community and the UN have contributed to greater understandings about panti asuhan. Much of this work has been undertaken in the context of the international campaign to reduce reliance on children’s residential institutions except when all other alternatives have been considered.
Knowledge gaps Yet, research remains in its infancy in relation to matters such as the number, ownership, funding and management of panti asuhan. Key matters that remain unclear, for example, are the numbers, ages and health of children residing in institutions. The funding of panti asuhan, including by official, local community and overseas sources, also requires further study.
Existing research Below is a list of resources (scholarly and other) about the growth and characteristics of panti asuhan in the period after the fall of President Suharto in 1998 and the present day. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org with recommendations for inclusion of other materials relating to this issues.
Amnesty International 2000, Indonesia. A cycle of violence for Aceh’s children, Amnesty International, London. Aspinall, E & Fealy, G 2003, Local power and politics in Indonesia: decentralisation & democratisation, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. Babington, B 2015, For the benefit of children alone? A discourse analysis of policymaking relating to children’s institutions in Indonesia, 1999-2009. Babington, B 2017, Kids, cash & culture. The story behind Indonesia’s orphanages (forthcoming). Booth, A 2005, ‘The evolving role of the central government in economic planning and policy making in Indonesia’, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 197-219. Boothby, N & Stark, L 2011, ‘Data surveillance in child protection systems development: an Indonesian case study’, Child abuse and neglect, vol. 35, no. 12, pp. 993-1001. 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National NGO Coalition for Children Rights Monitoring & Save the Children 2010, Review report. The implementation of Convention on the Rights of the Children in Indonesia 1997-2009, Save the Children Indonesia, Jakarta. Online Quranic Project 2013, ‘The Quran’. Perdana, A 2014, The future of social welfare programs in Indonesia: from fossil-fuel subsidies to better social protection, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Manitoba. Sakai, M 2012, ‘Building a partnership for social service delivery in Indonesia: state and faith-based organisations’, Australian Journal of Social Issues, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 373-88. Save the Children UK, Ministry of Social Affairs, and UNICEF 2006, A rapid assessment of children’s homes in post-tsunami Aceh, Save the Children UK, Jakarta. Save the Children UK, UNICEF, and Indonesian Ministry of Social Affairs 2007, ‘Someone that matters’. The quality of care in childcare institutions in Indonesia, PT Panji Grafika Jaya, Jakarta. Save the Children Indonesia 2011, Key achievements of the child protection and care program in moving towards family based care, 2005–2011, Save the Children Indonesia, Jakarta. Save the Children Indonesia 2013, Changing the paradigm: Save the Children’s work to strengthen the child protection system in Indonesia 2005-2012, Save the Children Indonesia, Jakarta. Save the Children Indonesia 2014, ‘Indonesia child care institutions’. Schrӧder-Butterfill, E 2004, ‘Adoption, patronage and charity: arrangements for the elderly without children in east Java’, in P Kreager & E Schrӧder-Butterfill (eds), Ageing without children: European and Asian perspectives, Berghahn Books, New York, pp. 106-46. Schulze, K 2005, ‘Gerakan Aceh Merdeka: freedom fighters or terrorists?’, in E Hedman (ed.), Aceh under martial law: conflict, violence and displacement. A collection of papers developed in conjunction with a one-day workshop held on 20 May 2004 at St. Anthony’s College, Oxford, Oxford University Oxford, pp. 29-44. Shie, T & Laurance, E 2003, Disarming for peace in Aceh: lessons learned, Monterey Institute of International Studies Monterey. Shihab, A 1998, Membendung arus: respon gerakan Muhammadiyah terhadap penetrasi misi Kristen di Indonesia, Mizan, Bandung. SOS children’s villages Indonesia 2013, ‘SOS children’s villages Indonesia’. Sudrajat, T 2010, ‘Deinstitutionalization of children’. Sujudi, A 2002, ‘Statement by H.E. Dr. Achmad Sujudi, Indonesian Minister for Health, at the twenty-seventh Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on Children’. Sumarto, S 2006, Social safety nets Indonesia, Overseas Development Institute, UK Department for International Development, London. Sumarto, S & Bazzi, S 2011, ‘Social protection in Indonesia: past experiences and lessons for the future. 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